A VERY RARE AND IMPORTANT ATLAS OF THE DEFEAT OF THE INVINCIBLE SPANISH ARMADA 1588
Including the set engravings by John Pine, London 1739 (The Armada tapestries). Juxtaposed to the charts (tables) of Robert Adams, 1538, from which HENDRICK C. VROOM designed the tapestries for the House of Lords. The charts and corresponding tapestries describe the ‘Battle of the Armada’ in 10 incidents.
The Tapestry Hangings of the House of Lords: representing the several Engagements between the English and Spanish Fleets, in the ever memorable Year MDLXXXVIII (1588), with the portraits of the Lord High-Admiral and the other noble Commanders, taken from the Life.
Published in London by John Pine, June 24, 1739, According to Act of Parliament
Height: 522 millimetres (approx. page size)
Width: 368 millimetres (approx. page size)
Atlas Folio with letterpress text and engraved and etched illustration plates, the tapestry plates printed in black and green ink, some of the charts with hand-colouring.
Provenance: Italy, private collection
Literature: Berlin Catalogue 1677 (which does not mention the two maps of the River Thames and SouthWest England and which are often not included, but are in the present example); William Upcott, A bibliographical account of the principal works relating to English topography – Vol. 2, Chapter XIX pp. 872-873, Printed by Richard and Arthur Taylor., (1818). H. Hammelmann, Book-illustrators in eighteenth-century England, ed. T.S.R. Boase (1975). M. Russel, Visions of the Sea: Hendrick C. Vroom and the Origins of Dutch Marine Painting pp.116- 140. T. Clayton, ‘The English Print 1688-1802’, New Haven and London 1997, p.87.
The Atlas Folio reproducing the tapestries depicting the defeat of the Armada, once hanging in the House of Lords, designed by Hendrik Cornelisz. Vroom and woven in Spierincx’s workshop.
The following sets of engravings are included in the Atlas:
– A decorative engraved title-page as above, surrounded by Military and Naval Instruments, & c.
– Dedication to the King
– List of Subscribers
– An Historical Account of each Day’s Action of the Spanish Invasion in the Year (1588), Collected from the most Authentic Manuscripts and Writers. printed in double columns; with an explanation of the plates and charts; also of the medals and other ornaments round the charts, [A-L] 24 pages.
The defeat of the Spanish Armada being the most glorious victory obtained by sea.
Section I : PP. 1-7, Preparation of Action
Section II: PP. 8-9, The complete Spanish Fleet, called the Invincible Armada
: PP. 9-10, List of the English Fleet
Section III: PP.11-24, An Account of the Expedition & the several Engagements between the two fleets, with the final event of the whole.
– An explanation of the plates.
– Ten tapestry plates, each with an ornamental border including portrait medallions in black,
designed by Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom.
– Charts of sea-coasts ornamental borders, several decorated with contemporary medals,
decorated with smaller maps and views.
– I Chart of the coasts of Cornwall and Devonshire.
– I Chart of the river Thames.
BY JOHN PINE, ENGRAVER. LONDON, MDCCXXXIX. Sold by J. Pine, in Old Bond Street, near Piccadilly.
CHARTS AND PLATES.
A General Chart of England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Holland, &c. Shewing the Places of Action between the two Fleets; Ornamented with Medals struck upon that occasion, and other suitable Devises.On the left side Britannia is represented darting thunder and lightning upon Envy, Superstition, and the Kingdom of Spain; on the other side True Religion, represented by a Woman sitting holding the bible in one Hand, thunders down upon Hypocrisy, Ignorance, and Popery, &c. &c.
Ten charts on Five Plates of the Sea coasts of England, bordered with Medals and other Ornaments.
Gravelot delin., according to Act of Parliament., J.Pine Sculp.
Ten Engravings of the several Engagements, with the portraits of the Commanders, after Hendrick Cornelisz. Vroom, &c. taken from Medals.
C. Lempiere delin., according to Act of Parliament, J. Pine Sculp.
One engraving of A Plott of all the Coast of Cornwall and Devonshire as they were to be fortified in 1588 against the landing of any army. Taken from the Original in the Cottonian Library.
Engraved and published by John Pine- March 25.1740 accordingly to Act of Parliament.
One engraving of THAMESIS DESCRIPTIO ANNO 1588. Roberto Adamo authore. Engrav’d from a Copy drawn by Mr. Joseph Ames the 8th. of April, 1738, from the Original in Parchment.
* He is the Author of a Book intitled Expeditionis Hispanorum in Angliam vera Descriptio, A.D. 1588. from which the Hangings of the House of Lords were designed.
Engraved and published by John Pine, March 25.1740 accordingly to Act of Parliament.
AS FAR AS WE KNOW, THERE IS NO OTHER COPY OF THE MAPS OF CORNWALL AND DEVONSHIRE, AND THE RIVER THAMES.
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